Treatments range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissues.
PERIODONTAL SURGERY: If non-surgical treatment (deep cleaning) has not been sufficient to treat periodontal disease, then surgical treatment should be carried out. During this treatment, the gums are lifted in order to visualize the roots of the teeth to clean all the Calculus (tartar) and smooth out any irregular surfaces.
BONE TRANSPLANT: This procedure involves the use of bone fragments from the patient or various kinds of synthetic bone to replace bone destroyed by periodontal disease. The graft serves as a platform for the re–growth of the bone, which restores the stability of the tooth. A new technology called tissue engineering encourages the body to regenerate bone and tissue at an accelerated rate. A bone graft can be performed during tooth extraction, periodontal surgery or implant placement.
GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION: Performed when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed, this procedure stimulates bone and gum tissue growth. Done in combination with flap surgery, a small piece of mesh-like fabric is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the area where the bone should be, allowing the bone and connective tissue to re-grow to better support the teeth.