Prosthodontics is restoring teeth which are broken down or missing in order to restore the function and aesthetics of your teeth. The most widely used prosthodontic restorations are crowns, bridges and prostheses.
CROWNS: A crown is a hollow tooth, made of porcelain or metal, that covers a tooth. A tooth may need a crown for various reasons: extensive decay, fracture, discoloration, deformation or a tooth that has had a root canal treatment. The tooth must first be prepped and an impression must be taken.
BRIDGES: The purpose of a bridge is to replace one or more missing teeth using the teeth adjacent to the space. The teeth on either side of the space will be prepped like a crown and there will be one or more floating teeth attached to the structure to replace the missing teeth.
It is important to replace a missing tooth for the following reasons: – The missing tooth can make chewing difficult and add stress to other teeth. The teeth around the missing tooth may move. Its movements can complicate hygiene and worsen or cause periodontal disease. They can also change your bite, which is the way your upper and lower teeth work together, causing wear and tear, muscle or joint damage. Problems can arise with the TMJ (Temporomandibular joint).